The mission of the Mississippi Trauma Care System is to develop and maintain a statewide trauma system to ensure that Mississippians receive the highest quality of care possible, to provide a continuum of care from initial injury detection through definitive care including rehabilitation, and to decrease injury and death due to traumatic injury.
Section 41-59-5 (5), Mississippi Code of 1972, as amended, establishes the Mississippi State Department of Health (MSDH) as the lead agency to develop a uniform, non-fragmented, inclusive state-wide Trauma Care system, that provides excellent patient care.
MSDH is assigned the responsibility for creating, implementing, and managing the statewide trauma care system. The department will develop and administer trauma regulations that include, but are not limited to, the Mississippi Trauma Care System Plan, trauma care system standards, trauma center designations, field triage, inter-facility trauma transfers, EMS aero-medical transportation, trauma data collection, trauma care system evaluation, and management of state trauma systems funding. The department will facilitate the implementation of professional and lay trauma education programs. These trauma educational programs shall include both clinical trauma education and injury prevention. Since rehabilitation services are essential for traumatized individuals to be returned to active, productive lives, the department shall coordinate the development of the inclusive trauma system with the Mississippi Department of Rehabilitation Services and other appropriate rehabilitation systems. The State Board of Health is authorized to receive any funds appropriated to the board from the Mississippi Trauma Care System Fund created in Section 41-59-75. It is further authorized, with the Emergency Medical Services Advisory Council and the Mississippi Trauma Advisory Committee acting in advisory capacities, to administer the disbursements of such funds according to adopted trauma care system regulations.
With the passage of House Bill 1405 during the 2008 legislative session, Section 41-59-5 was amended to make participation in the Trauma Care System mandatory for eligible acute-care facilities, and to require the facilities that elect not to participate, or to participate at a level lower than they are capable of participating, in the Trauma Care System, to pay a non-participation fee to the Trauma Care Trust Fund. The mandatory Trauma Care System became effective on September 1, 2008.
As of March 8, 2019 there are 86 designated and participating hospitals in the Mississippi Trauma System of Care: 4 Level I Trauma Centers, 3 Level II Trauma Centers, 17 Level III Trauma Centers, 61 Level IV Trauma Centers, and 1 Burn Center.